An Overview Of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

A disorder in the TMJ, or temporomandibular joint, generally refers to the loss of functionality of the hinge that connects the lower jaw with the skull. If you look at this hinge, you will find out that it is one of the most complex joints of the body. It supports all movements of the lower jaw when we eat or speak. The structure supporting this joint consists of ligaments, muscles, discs, and bones, forming a complex system. Any problem in this system results in the TMJ disorder.

Symptoms of TMJ disorder

There are many signs and symptoms of TMJ disorder. In some cases, however, it may not be easy to figure out whether or not you have this disorder. That’s when it becomes crucial to visit the dentist for a proper diagnosis. The dentist may check the medical and dental history and conduct a clinical test to determine the problem.

The most common TMJ disorders may include the following.

  • Pain in ears and head, and pressure behind the eyes
  • A sound of clicking or popping when you open or close your mouth
  • Pain on yawning or opening your mouth
  • Jaws that feel locked
  • Tenderness in the muscles of jaws
  • A change in the way lower and upper teeth fit together

How to treat TMJ disorder

There are different treatment options available for TMJ disorder. Each option is suitable for a particular type of TMJ disorder. Your dentist will tell you about the treatment that may be beneficial for you. Here are the possible treatments for TMJ disorders.

  • If TMD is due to spasms, your dentist may want to apply moist heat to relax the muscles. The use of muscle relaxants and over-the-counter pain killers may also be beneficial.
  • If your TMJ is due to teeth clenching or grinding, you may want to manage your stress to avoid grinding your teeth. Many people clench their teeth during sleep. The best way to deal with such a situation is to use a nightguard, which is a transparent mouth guard. It will help prevent your upper and lower teeth from coming in contact with each other.
  • It will be beneficial to learn about relaxation techniques to control tension in your jaw. You can learn it through counseling.
  • If nothing above works, you may want to undergo jaw joint surgery.

Prevention is better than cure. The most common underlying reason for TMD is stress, which causes a person to clench or grind teeth. If you remain stressed during any part of the day, you may want to control it, because it is not just about your teeth and jaw joints. Stress can cause damage to other body systems as well. Joining support groups to talk to like-minded people or visiting a psychologist to address your depression problem can be plenty helpful.

If TMD has caused enough damage to your dental and oral health already, you may want to visit your dentist for the treatment of such issues. Furthermore, be sure to follow an ideal dental hygiene routine to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

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Some Significant Cause of Cavity

Many people develop a cavity in their teeth and they wonder what is causing this condition. A cavity does not see age to appear. It can build in the teeth of kids, adults, and older people. It can cause pain, discomfort, irritation, decay, and even tooth loss. A cavity can generate because of bad eating habits, bad cleaning routine, stuck food, gums’ infection, or decay. Moreover, the unwashed bacteria in the mouth can damage the oral health and leads to cavities. In some worst cases, it can damage the enamel, soils the natural color, and tooth loss if left untreated or neglected. The toothache as a result of the cavity can be unbearable in some intense cases. Thus, this needs a vigilant hygiene routine and aa proper treatment to make you get rid of the cavity.

Formation of Teeth Cavity

The foremost element is plaque. This is the first step that will cause a cavity. The unwashed plaque and stuck food can develop the cavity. This does not show you a pang or ache at the early stages, but with time it can go worse. The bacteria can leave its marks on your teeth and a pale layer will cover your entire jaw. This will cause cavity of you do not use a medicated or antiseptic mouth wash, or do not brush your teeth two times a day. Moreover, many people develop bacteria and plaque because of the stuck food in their teeth.

Causes of Formation of Cavity

People do not have the habit of flossing, so stuck food particles produce plaque and bacteria. This causes cavity, decay, and tooth loss in serious cases. The sticky layer can also recede your gums and demolish the overall oral health.

After the formation of the sticky layer or plaque, it starts wearing the enamel. The destruction of the protective layer of teeth can damage the entire structure of a tooth, the health of gums, and the whole oral well-being. The plaque causes bacteria that are harmful to the teeth, roots, and gingiva. Moreover, the stuck food particles can produce acid which enters in the roots of your teeth through the enamel (as the acid demolishes the enamel layer), it can cause permanent infections and tooth loss as well.

Poor Diet

Apart from the poor hygiene routine, the cavity can develop due to a bad diet. Especially, kids have a habit of eating too many sweets, chocolates, cakes, bubble gums, and other sugary items. Such meals leave the layer of acid on your teeth. So, it demolishes the enamel and dentin; thus, it generates a cavity in the children’s teeth. A person feels no ache or irritation at the initial stage, but with time a black mark will appear on the enamel layer or deep inside the tooth. So, the untreated mark will turn into a cavity with no time.

Preventions for Cavity

Well, the vital thing is caring and hygiene routine. By following the diligent care patterns, you can get rid of the cavity, bacteria, and any other tooth problem. The first thing is to do regular brushing with a soft bristle brush. Moreover, do not leave the minor food particles in your teeth. Do flossing after eating every meal, avoid eating too hot or too cold meals and drink, avoid sugary and gummy items, even in the condition of slight pain, consult your dentist. Do not ignore any sign or pang. Moreover, if you see a black mark on your teeth, it can be a symptom of a cavity, immediately consult your dentist. Moreover, use a mouthwash to wash the plaque and bacteria in your mouth. Rinse your mouth with plain water after eating any meal.

Some Potential Reasons for Toothaches

Is the cavity always cause toothache?

Almost everyone in this world feels toothache at some point in life. No matter how much careful and sensitive you are with your oral hygiene and care routine. Kids, adults, and older people all will suffer from tooth pain at any stage of life. Well, one of the known reasons for the toothache is a cavity. However, people assume that if they are having pain in their teeth, then they must be suffering from a cavity. Well, this is a single and a major cause, but many other factors can generate toothache.

Some of the potential reasons for generating ache in your teeth are:

Sensitive Teeth

The pain or a sharp pang a person feels after the drinking of hot or cold drinks or while eating meat, hot, or cold meals, then he/she is having sensitive teeth. This is one of the significant reasons behind the toothache. Moreover, this is also one of the most ignored cause. People assume that this is a normal condition of teeth and many of us suffering from the same. Well, this can develop some serious oral health issues if neglected.

The sensitive teeth can sabotage the enamel layer, it can recede the gums, and damage the color of your teeth. In some worst cases, it can develop cavity, decay, and tooth loss. Moreover, sometimes a patient has sensitive teeth or other oral heal diseases because of the inappropriate toothpaste and the harsh bristles of the toothbrush. Such things can cause sensitive teeth and tooth pain. Moreover, the stuck food and poor cleaning habit can cause toothache and sensitivity. It can damage the entire health of your teeth and gums. Sometimes, gums and teeth disease generate health problems in the stomach. So, good hygiene and a caring routine of oral health necessary for a healthy body.

Eating Sugary and Gummy Items

Apart from the cavity and sensitive teeth, an unhealthy diet can cause toothache in people. Especially, kids can develop pain in their teeth because of eating too many chocolates, sweets, bubble gums, and other sugary items. Therefore, avoid eating such meals, especially in excess quantity. Moderation in every meal is good. So, such children or people can develop signs of tooth decay and cavity. This also damages the enamel. Moreover, the intense pain in the teeth can cause bleeding while brushing or eating.

Crooked Teeth

The destructed structure of a tooth can generate toothache. If a person is having a crook tooth, then it can develop severe pain in the gumline.

Infection in Gums

Some people have an infection in their gums or receding gums due to habit eating habits, inherited causes, or bad cleaning routines. So, due to these reasons, people have pain in their teeth. And the infectious gums cause intense ache in a tooth, it is usually unbearable and leads to the emergency treatments.

Bruxism

Some people have clenching teeth habits. They do not feel pain at the time of grinding but in the morning or a few days later, they feel a toothache. Well, a person does not know usually that he/she is having grinding teeth habit, but due to the ache in the teeth, they will get to know their original disease.

When to Contact Your Dentist?

Even after a slight pain, you need to see your dentist. There could be any of the above reasons, you are having the toothache. So, your doctor can evaluate the real cause and suggest your medicines. Moreover, sometimes you do not need medications, you only require some changes in your toothpaste, toothbrush, mouthwash, and cleaning routine.